TPI, the acronym of Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia (Indonesian Educational Television) was created as an educational television station by state broadcaster TVRI on January 2, 1991. It aired a two-hour educational programming block targeted to elementary students, junior high school students, and high school students, from 08:00 to 10:00. To do so, it cooperated with the Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia.
In April 1991, the block was expanded into 4 hours, from 08:00 to 12:00; later to 6.5 hours, from 06:30 to 12:00; and in 1992 to eight hours, from 06:00 to 14:00. On January 23, 1993, TPI began to air its first soap opera program as a distraction to 16.5 hours at 05:30 to 21:00.
1993–2003: Splitting service
On January 23, 1993, TPI began to air its first reality TV show. After TPI ended its ties with TVRI in 1997, its educational programs were displaced by more soap opera and entertainment programming. In 1997, the channel retired the original branding name “Televisi Publiksiaran Indonesia” (“Indonesian Public Broadcasting Television”) in favor of the on-air name “Televisi Keluarga Indonesia” (“Indonesian Family Television”). On May 18, 2001, the TPI name was used but only using the simple word “TPI” instead. TPI began to expand more programs that related to musics, sports, and cartoons.
On February 12, 2002, TPI announced that it would broadcast Formula One racing (known as TPI Sport and Racing World) to replace RCTI as the official F1 station, due to financial problems.
In 2002, TPI broke the record as the richest and largest television station after RCTI.
2003–2009: Awards and acquisition by MNC
At the 1997 Indonesian Soap-Opera Awards, the soap opera Mat Angin by Deddy Mizwar, aired by TPI, won 11 awards. The series won five awards the following year. Indonesia’s favorite program was Santapan Nusantara a culinary program hosted by Enita Sriyana. Kuis Dangdut (hosted by H. Jaja Miharja), the first and oldest quiz show, also won awards.
On March 6, 2006, Media Nusantara Citra, which also owns RCTI, Global TV, and SINDOtv acquired 75% of the channel. In 2007, new employees were hired, including Mayjen. TNI. (purn.) Sang Nyoman Suwisma, and Dandy Nugroho Rukmana.
During its 2009-2010 season, due to technical reasons, TPI did not air its sport shows. On October 20, 2009, a controversial report stated that a communications expert from the University of Indonesia, Ade Armando, had reviewed decisions of the judges who were willing to pull entertainment programs from TPI, since it should have educational programs instead. Armando said that it must be the decision of the Commercial Court (PN) to grant the request of the Central Jakarta bankruptcy PT Global Crown Capital Limited on PT TPI reviewed further.
The handling of cases involving the mass media can not be equated with the handling of other service companies. Because, not all people are able and capable of using it, so that the handling had to be excluded. “It looks very sloppy, not equal,” he said. In this bankruptcy decision, according to Ade, a loss not only experienced by the company but also harmed the public.
Anticipating similar things, there must be a joint effort of several parties, such as the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI), the Association of Private Television, and other stakeholders. Especially against the decision issued unilaterally and awkward legal institutions.
Decisions of bankruptcy has also been supported from the Parliament in the legal process underway in the level of the Indonesian Supreme Court. Support was expressed Marzuki Alie when receiving the visit of Directors of TPI in the study of the DPR, Senayan, Jakarta, on November 25, 2009.
2010–present: Re-launch to MNCTV and the upcoming planning
On October 20, 2010, TPI officially changed its name to MNCTV. This was because TPI was not in accordance with the written context that TPI is dedicated to education, and therefore changed its name to MNCTV, in order to change the image in the eyes of the public. On August 22, 2011, MD Entertainment, one of the largest and most integrated production houses in Indonesia, acquired 25% of MNCTV stakes. As the result, all soap operas broadcast on MNCTV are produced by MD Entertainment until the production house was taken over by Trans TV in 2017.
In 1991, TPI used the logo of a triangle with the national colours and green, red, and blue beams. In 1998, the TPI logo was a gold circle and blue earth ball and the words “Televisi Keluarga Indonesia,” the logos has seen from Family Channel Logos, the words “TELEVISI” and “INDONESIA” are used on the gold circle, and the word “Keluarga” is used near the blue earth ball. The logos were used until January 23, 2002. On January 23, 2002, from the eleventh anniversary of TPI, the third logos used three round ellipse line and blue earth ball and the word “TPI.” On January 26, 2006, the logos was changed to a circle and five triangle near circle and the word “TPI.” This logos was used until 2010. MNCTV logo in 2010 style ident and promo by Lambie-Nairn.